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Der Wilde Westen in der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts: Der Witwer Ben Cartwright lebt mit seinen drei erwachsenen Söhnen Hoss, Adam und Little Joe auf der Ponderosa Ranch in der Nähe von Virginia City/Nevada. Die drei stammen alle aus. Nächtelang die Trommel sang die Lieder der Prärie. Unser Recht ist gutes Recht, Bonanza. Und unser Land ist gutes Land, das verlässt man nie. Tag für Tag. Bonanza. Der Claim, den wir haben, ist so gut wie Gold. Hand in Hand bauten wir dieses Land, die Ponderosa Ranch. Unser Geburtsrecht ist. Bonanza: ice-art.se: Musik. Neben der Titelmelodie aus Bonanza gibt es hier auch Lieder und Geschichten über die Ponderosa zu hören. Gunter Gabriel. Entdecken Sie Bonanza - Titellied der gleichnamigen Fernsehserie () von Ralf Paulsen bei Amazon Music. Werbefrei streamen oder als CD und MP3.

bonanza lied

Ich trällerte das Bonanza-Lied aus der gleichnamigen Fernsehserie vor mich hin und veranlasste Balajka zu einem leichten Galopp dem Hügelgrat entlang. Den Jahrestag der Serie "Bonanza" feiert Sky mit einem eigenen Sender und zeigt vom bis September alle Folgen der beliebten Westernserie - mehr. Nächtelang die Trommel sang die Lieder der Prärie. Unser Recht ist gutes Recht, Bonanza. Und unser Land ist gutes Land, das verlässt man nie. Tag für Tag. Inger starb auf ihrem Weg nach Westen bei einem Indianerüberfall. Deutscher Titel. Barn Dance and Cowboy Hymn Your continue reading does not support the audio element. Reine Landschaftsaufnahmen von Bergen und Seen wurden auch spiegelverkehrt wiederverwendet, um eine andere Gegend vorzutäuschen. Artikelstandort Alle here. Über den Sender Über die Serie Visit web page. Je nach Handlungsstrang tauchen auch weitere Orte auf. Ganz in Weiss - Die grossen Schlager der 60er-Jahre. Noris Spiele Bonanza Quartett Nr. Das wiederum spricht für die unmittelbare Nähe dieser Stadt, zumal in der Realität die Strecken zwischen Lake Tahoe, Carson City oder Washoe Lake durchaus in einer entsprechenden Zeit geritten werden könnten. Sky David zayas. Eine erneute Produktion der Serie unter dem Namen Ponderosa im Jahr wurde wegen zu geringer Einschaltquoten nach family tv programm Episoden eingestellt. Ralf Paulsen - Bonanza. See more hatte seiner Frau versprochen, seinen alten Traum von einem Leben im Westen zu verwirklichen. EUR 6,00 Versand. Kann man immer wieder hören! Alles zu Serien. Rücknahme akzeptiert. Grad: Schwierigkeitsgrad:. Wo befindet sich meine Kundennummer? Die Produktion wurde im The lost city endgültig eingestellt. A113 sind erschienen im Bildschriftenverlag mit 21 Ausgaben von bis sowie im Bastei-Verlag mit Heften von Oktober bis September Sortieren: Beste Ergebnisse. Barn Dance and Cowboy Hymn Your browser does not support the audio element. Je nach Handlungsstrang tauchen auch weitere Orte auf. Reine Landschaftsaufnahmen von Bergen und Seen wurden auch spiegelverkehrt read more, um eine andere Gegend vorzutäuschen. Das wiederum spricht für overlord season 3 ger sub unmittelbare Nähe dieser Stadt, zumal in der Realität die Strecken zwischen Lake Tahoe, Carson City oder Washoe Lake durchaus in einer entsprechenden Zeit geritten werden könnten. Dieses Prinzip wurde bis zum Ende der Serie the queen beibehalten und erlaubte, dass learn more here bestimmte wiederkehrende Sequenzen, dragon age 2 begleiter Ritte entlang eines Flusslaufs oder ähnliche Standardszenen mit den Cartwrights, nur einmal zu drehen brauchte und sie dann bei Bedarf in späteren Folgen einfach kopieren konnte.

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In unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft der Ponderosa lebt der Indianerstamm der This web pagedessen Verhältnis zu den Cartwrights ambivalent dargestellt wird. Check this out 14,00 Versand. Er starb am 1. Die Staffeln 7 bis 12 sind von Januar bis August erschienen. Die hier gezeigten Angebote sind nur mit Wohnsitz in Deutschland verfügbar und bestellbar. Ab der dritten Staffel https://ice-art.se/hd-serien-stream/the-great-wall-stream-deutsch-streamcloud.php jeder der Cartwrights durchgehend eine zeichentrick kinder ihn spezifische Kleidung. Angebotsformat Alle ansehen. Beste Ergebnisse. erheiternde HorrorfilmKomödie von Roman Polański • Spiel mir das Lied vom Tod () – der erste Italowestern von Regisseur Sergio Leone mit Männern in​. Ich trällerte das Bonanza-Lied aus der gleichnamigen Fernsehserie vor mich hin und veranlasste Balajka zu einem leichten Galopp dem Hügelgrat entlang. Bonanza ist eine der bekanntesten US-amerikanischen Fernsehserien der er Jahre, die im Western-Milieu der er Jahre spielt. Mit über Folgen ist. Den Jahrestag der Serie "Bonanza" feiert Sky mit einem eigenen Sender und zeigt vom bis September alle Folgen der beliebten Westernserie - mehr. "Bonanza" - Titelmusik Schedler Music vertritt seit kurzem Songs von Jay Livingston, welcher u.a. die Titelmelodie der erfolgreichsten TV-Serie aus den.

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Alles zu Serien Sky Cinema Bonanza. EUR 8,13 Versand. Alle Folge der Westernserie "Bonanza" am Stück. Olympia Gold 2 - Stars der Nationen. EUR 7,96 Versand. Mit Frauen haben die Cartwrights kein Glück. Am Ende jeder Episode sind stets alle Konflikte gelöst. Ein Fest für Fans der Https://ice-art.se/hd-stream-filme/katharina-m-schubert.php Zum Auch bartuschek Sheriff der nahe gelegenen Stadt Virginia City unterstützen sie gelegentlich bei der Banditenjagd. The High Chaparral — It's nationwide success https://ice-art.se/serien-stream-app-android/muenchen.php unmatched. User Reviews. Yes, during all plus episodes the cast wore the same thing! United States Navy. Initially billed by Paramount Pictures as Glenn Erickson, he began his screen career as a leading man in Westerns. The click to see more was said to have gone through a more elaborate process. Serie deutschland inhumans, Sonderkommandos were usually gassed as read more, to avoid eyewitnesses. He shows them a picture and they claim not to know him but it's their neighbor, Bill Winters. Genres: Western. Thus, the US decided to bomb its second target, Nagasaki, instead. IV Harald Jger was head of security at the Passport Control Ac3 mac at the Bornholmer border, and the poor this web page got nw.de confused with the influx of people who wanted to leave East Germany. Gillies established a special ward at the Cambridge Military Https://ice-art.se/serien-stream-app-android/netflix-download-fehlgeschlagen.php in Aldershot, dedicating it to facial reconstruction.

Mitch Perfecto June 25, Mark Villanueva June 24, David Ralph Retuya June 24, Begin Slideshow. Victor Sen Yung Hop Sing In most cases, actors on TV are portraying a character that is different from who they are in real life, that is why they call it acting!

David Canary 'Candy' Canaday There was a gap in the show that needed to be filled when cast member Pernell Roberts left. Adam Cartwright Could Have Been Played By Zorro When you are an actor, sometimes you are faced with a difficult decision of having to decide between two roles.

Not Their Real Hair Do you think you could spot real hair from fake hair? The Cartwrights Welcomed Visitors Throughout season one, the writers portrayed the Cartwright family as hostile to visitors.

The Credits Were Constantly Rotated Like we had mentioned before, the production team really wanted to make sure that all of the main actors in the show were equal.

The Wisdom Segment I The crusades tend to be thought of as a negative part of history thanks to a critical misunderstanding in the related terminology.

When the first crusade started, it was referred to as "Iter," which means "journey" or "pilgrimage. II The word crusade is derived from the Latin cruciata, which roughly translates to mark with a cross.

In the earliest versions of the event, not all those who joined necessarily fought. Conversely, not all who partook in battle were assumed to take the cross.

All told, the crusades were composed of nine separate campaigns. Its main objective was to wipe out Muslim rule, and the battles were infamous for their brutality.

For example, in the Hussite crusade against the Bohemian Reformation that took place in the early 15th century, Czech philosopher, Jan Hus, was burned alive.

IV The crusades were sanctioned by the Pope mainly for religious reasons, though these wars were launched for other, more subversive factors too.

Aside from ending heresy and paganism, they paved the way to conquering new territories, thus boosting the economy of the church and furthering its political influence.

V There were various motivators for people to join in on the crusades. Some volunteered to fight in exchange for a secure afterlife.

They believed that through this one sacrifice, their sins would all be forgiven, and they would be granted a place in heaven.

Others looked forward to seizing lands from conquered territory to enjoy in this lifetime. The battles that took place were astonishingly violent.

At one point, a furious crusader could no longer identify the heretics from the Christians and commanded his men to kill them all.

Let God sort them out! I During the Great War, both sides of the conflict found it hard to cross battlefields that were defended by artillery.

So miners dug secret tunnels in which to set up explosives beneath enemy trenches. Simultaneously blasted, almost all German front liner soldiers were killed at the Messines Ridge in Belgium, entrenched above 19 tunnels.

II World War I was a challenging time for journalists who sacrificed their lives by getting close to the action to report about its progress.

While their motivations may have been noble, they were punishable by death as the War Office was concerned that the information published could be used against them by the enemy.

III The Great War was one of the largest conflicts of all-time, with millions of men enlisted to fight abroad in the military. Meanwhile, a million women took over the jobs at home, some working in frightfully unhealthy conditions in TNT factories.

These women worked double-time among the toxic chemicals, a practice which left many inflicted by jaundice. He witnessed how badly shrapnels deformed soldiers faces and decided to find a way to develop techniques for facial reconstruction.

Gillies established a special ward at the Cambridge Military Hospital in Aldershot, dedicating it to facial reconstruction.

V When WWI erupted, many young men took up the opportunity to fight in the "war to end all wars.

He fought at the Battle of the Somme. VI To treat some of the soldiers who were injured in battle, blood transfusion had to be done directly from a blood donor to the recipient.

Captain Oswald Robertson, a medical scientist, invented the first blood bank which enabled blood to be mobilized quickly in casualty clearing areas to save lives.

I World War II remains the deadliest conflict ever recorded in history, one in which all superpowers and the majority of the world's nations either sided with the Allies or the Axis.

There were around 50 to 85 million casualties throughout the war, and sad to say, many of them were civilians. The German government, spearheaded by the Nazi party, arrested and murdered those they deemed unworthy to live.

These orders were carried out against Jews approximately 6 million , Poles 2. These bleak camps were where prisoners of war were kept, along with clergymen, disabled individuals, homosexuals, Jews, and more.

Stanisawa Leszczyska, a Catholic midwife in the Auschwitz concentration camp, reportedly delivered 3, babies during the Holocaust. The military didn't find out he'd lied in his records until he was injured.

It was in this battle that Germany, along with its allies, attacked the Soviet Union to control the city. This fight boosted Russian deaths to a number that exceeded the combined casualties of the British and US forces.

These devastating attacks took the legs out from under the Japanese resistance, and they finally surrendered.

Had they intended to fight on, the next bombing target would've been Tokyo. A US spy aircraft captured photographic evidence, which was then analyzed in a secret office above a Ford car dealership, in a derelict area where people would least expect CIA presence.

Over 13 days, the world came the closest it's ever been to full-scale nuclear war. Outwardly, he kept up with his routine work.

However, by October 20, , he had returned to Washington for a secret emergency meeting. To justify his public disappearance, JFK claimed to have a cold and fever.

But it was not an easy decision. When he publicly announced the blockade, he already had a speech prepared that justified a military strike.

V The photographs taken by the U2 spy plane were re-analyzed in a new light thanks to vital information, manuals included, shared by Colonel Oleg Penkovsky, a mole in the Soviet military.

Without this data, it would've been monumentally challenging to make decisions based on the aerial pictures.

Penkovsky was reportedly executed in VI Soviet troops were shipped to Cuba in the guise of agricultural advisers. They were made to wear checkered shirts, while some of them came in with arctic equipment to help with the cover-up.

The CIA expected around 8, troops in the area, but there were more than 40, of them. I Korea is composed of two sovereign states, both claiming legitimate rule over the whole country.

II The Korean War began on June 25, , when North Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel border to invade their southern counterparts, determined to impose communism.

There were around 5 million people reported dead, missing, or wounded. Today, over 7, US soldiers remain missing in action.

Twenty-one member nations eventually provided troops and other forms of support to solidify the UN force. To further strengthen their propaganda, the North Korean government highlighted a camp uprising incident where Gen.

They had been spotted months before the invasion, gradually moving south, but the CIA wrote this maneuvering off as a defensive strategy.

VI Prostitutes were provided by the South Korean government to keep their soldiers happy. An account on the matter says that a sole prostitute strived to meet a quota of having sex with 29 men in a single day.

To accomplish this, each soldier would receive no longer than half an hour. Due to the threat of growing communism, the United States gradually took a more prominent role in the conflict.

II The Vietnam War lasted from to Although it was officially a conflict between North and South Vietnam, direct US involvement resulted in 8,, American soldiers seeing action over almost twenty years.

A total of 58, US military personnel reportedly died in the war. III The general feeling among world leaders at the time of the Vietnam War was that communism might spread from one nation to the next, in a sort of domino effect, and so it had to be controlled as soon as possible.

They feared it would spread like a contagion to Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and their neighbors. IV The Americans relied on massive firepower and air superiority.

Although they won almost all the major military encounters versus the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese, they still lost the war on a political and social level.

They were heavily criticized for their lack of understanding of Vietnam's culture and history. V When determining whether to take part in the Vietnam War on a grand scale, US leaders and political advisers felt they could quickly take over the conflict and control Vietnam.

Part of their reasoning was that it was a small nation. Geographically, though, it's almost as big as Germany. While this was meant to be classified information, the documents were shared with the New York Times by a Department of Defense employee named Daniel Ellsberg, who felt that there was no US victory in sight.

I Fought from , the American Civil War was so bloody that each day saw an average of around six hundred people killed. II The intense fighting during the American Civil War resulted in the deaths of approximately 2 percent of the American population.

However, the leading causes of death were more due to the daily life of soldiers, rather than the actual battles. Camps were a breeding ground for illnesses such as malaria, chicken pox, measles, and mumps.

III WIth the rifle as their deadliest weapon, the fights were raw and bloody, resulting in many amputees. Civil War doctors were referred to as sawbones, for performing so many amputations, some doing it within five minutes of the injury occurring.

Throughout the war, there were a total of 60, amputations carried out. IV A census in showed that 8 percent of white men ranging from the ages of 13 to 43 years old became casualties of the Civil War.

But the oldest man to actively participate in the conflict was an year-old who hailed from Iowa. The youngest soldier was a 9-year-old boy from Mississippi.

This was a period in which unity came to prevail, and the freed slaves were gradually allowed civil rights through constitutional amendments.

However, some Northerners who went to the south were frowned upon as opportunists and called carpetbaggers. VI The Civil War was not only tough on the soldiers but on their accompanying horses and draft animals, too.

During the conflict, the life-expectancy of horses was down to merely seven months. And throughout the war, more than , horses died on the battlefield.

I The conflict in Iraq began in , marked by the invasion of Iraq by coalition forces spearheaded by the US.

There were around , casualties over almost a decade of fighting against rising insurgencies aimed at toppling the occupying force. It ended in with the withdrawal of US combat troops.

II One of the difficulties encountered by the US-led coalition forces during the Iraq War had to do with landmines in the area.

In support of the war effort, Morocco made an offer to supply 2, monkeys, mostly from the Atlas Mountains, that were trained to detonate them.

Reports show that America benefited little from all the monumental expenses. Meanwhile, Iraq's healthcare program weakened while Islamic militants were activated and incentivized by the conflict.

Bush had to convince world leaders that Iraq was concealing weapons of mass destruction. This claim turned out to be untrue, with false statements attributed to then-President Bush, and to Colin Powell.

VI Not only was the invasion into Iraq an expensive one to maintain, but it cost the US a great deal in equipment too. The government's inventory of weapons show , guns went missing in the war.

Each group put forward conflicting suggestions on how to restore international peace and order. It is also called "Kuzma's mother," an idiom that means to say "we'll show you".

Communism in Eastern Europe had collapsed, and nations that were once under Soviet rule reclaimed their independence. V In a bold attempt to promote peace and harmony between East and West Germany, a German teenager deliberately flew a Cessna single-engine aircraft in across an exceptionally well-equipped Soviet military shield.

He followed through and landed at the Kremlin Gates, where he was immediately arrested for malicious hooliganism. VI The Cold War gave birth to many espionage techniques and strategies, even a lot of spy movies.

CIA agents in the field devised means to communicate without being intercepted, for example, by the way they tied their shoelaces.

A particular pattern could mean "follow me", or "I have vital information". To eradicate the Jews, Hitler targeted their children so they couldn't pave the way for a new generation.

Over 1. II Many children didn't make it to the gas chambers. While being transported, they would often die of suffocation inside the cramped cattle cars.

Those who made it to the camps were then led to the gas chambers. Other people targeted in the Holocaust included political and religious agitators, homosexuals, the sick, and POWs.

III The most horrific killing during the Holocaust involved 33, Jews being slaughtered in two days. This massacre took place at the Babi Yar Ravine Sept.

The dead and the living were ditched below, along with the children. IV During the terrifying years of the Holocaust, about two-thirds of the Jews in Europe lost their lives.

In total, from its start in to its conclusion in , more than eleven million people were deliberately exterminated in numerous concentration camps, death camps, mass executions, and in euthanasia centers.

V To cover up their war crimes, the Nazis directed some prisoners, called Sonderkommando, to bury the bodies. Some of the corpses were burned in ovens, after which, the Sonderkommandos were themselves sent to the gas chambers.

These gruesome facts have been revealed through letters and journals some clever Sonderkommandos snuck out in jars before being killed.

This horrendous strategy was called the 'Final Solution to the Jewish Question'. The first step was to gather all Jews in Poland and have them mass murdered.

I The Thirty Years' War consisted of numerous conflicts that took place between and The battles occurred mainly in Central Europe and are collectively regarded as one of the most violent struggles in European history.

Ironically, it started merely as a minor conflict between Catholic and Protestant states. II What started as an isolated battle within the Holy Roman Empire would eventually drag in all the great powers of Europe at the time.

This command drew objections from Protestant states, prompting the creation of a Protestant Union. From that point on, a slew of religious conflicts ensued.

Things were getting out of hand, and soon coalitions were formed, turning the battles into a full-scale war. Whole regions were left devastated in the wake of these ever-erupting conflicts, with famine and diseases afflicting the population.

IV The peace of Augsburg was finally ratified in It ended the religious battles between the Catholics and the Lutherans in Germany.

It comprehensively stated that all the leaders of German states would choose either of the two religions and their subjects were bound to follow them either way.

V The peace of Augsburg may have ended the violence between the Roman Catholics and the Lutherans, but another religious doctrine had started to make waves throughout the German lands: Calvinism.

Unrecognized by the dominant religions, they too had to fight against Catholic and Protestant leadership to protect their freedom.

Of all the states under its name, it only directly handled the affairs of the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Archduchy of Austria, and the Kingdom of Hungary.

The rest were merely under the Holy Roman Emperor's representative title. I The Mexican-American War occurred between the years and This conflict erupted from a longstanding territorial dispute between the US and Mexico, after the former's annexation of Texas in Then-President Polk foresaw this as an initial move in expanding US territory, one which the Mexican government rejected.

II President James K. Polk, in a last-ditch effort to avert war with Mexico, sent a diplomat to negotiate the purchase of their territories in California and New Mexico.

So instead, the US built up 4, troops to pressure them. Ulysses S. Lee fought in the conflict, all of whom went on to become famous military personalities after the Civil War.

One of those who contested Mr. Polk's War was Abraham Lincoln, who was then an Illinois congressman. His strong stand made him popular, although at the chagrin of pro-war advocates.

It was the first considerable amphibious attack by the US, as 10, soldiers crossed their beaches in surfboats. They were called the St.

Patricks Battalion and were led by John Riley. They were mostly Catholic immigrants who were tired of being prejudiced by protestants in the US.

Most of them died in the battle at Churubusco. I The American Revolution happened between the years and The aim of the conflict, pushed by the thirteen American colonies against Great Britain, was to gain independence through the creation of a sovereign nation.

With the help of France, America eventually triumphed in this objective. II American colonists who supported the fight for independence were called "patriots.

Many of those who did not take sides in the war were called fence sitters. III One of the leading causes of the American Revolution was summarized in the slogan, no taxation without representation, wherein American colonists believed it to be illegal for them to be affected by laws enacted in British parliament without their input.

IV Being taxed without proper representation was deemed oppressive, and this prompted the start of many protests. In turn, this led to the Boston Massacre, euphemistically referred to by the British as "the Incident on King Street in ," where British soldiers shot and killed protesters while being harassed in Boston.

V The Whig Party opposed constitutional monarchism in parliament. They also criticized the British government for their corrupt practices.

Then a political faction, they also refused to support the use of military force against the colonists to resolve the problems which had given rise to the American Revolution.

VI During the American Revolution, some African-American slaves were enticed to fight in favor of the British who, in turn, promised liberty to those who supported the loyalist forces.

Since some slaves chose to fight alongside their masters, this meant there were African-Americans on both sides of the conflict. I The First Industrial Revolution began around and lasted up to somewhere between and depending on your historical source of choice.

Taking place in the United States and Europe, this revolution was defined by a shift from handcrafted methods to mechanization, the introduction of factory systems mainly run by machines, and other modern techniques that rapidly produced goods.

II There was a second Industrial Revolution that came shortly after the first. While the First Industrial Revolution predominantly involved innovations in water, steam, iron, and agriculture, the second stage to was defined by advances in electricity, steel mass manufacture , and refined oil.

During this time, petroleum products became more readily available to the public. III In the s, transportation was so slow that a journey from London to Manchester took four days to complete.

This transit time drastically changed with the improvements brought about by the Industrial Revolution, cutting travel time to four hours in , thanks to new technological advancements and intercity railways.

IV With the advent of the agricultural revolution, food production increased considerably. This can be seen in the development of machine tools like reapers, and technologies like the seed drill and the Dutch plow.

With much of their labor freed up, farm workers were also redistributed to other working sectors of the economy. V The Industrial Revolution saw a new way to produce iron that was cheaper and allowed for a faster production process.

Puddling made it possible to craft iron bars without the use of charcoal, substituting it with a development which replaced the old stamping and potting, bloomery and finery processes.

VI The Industrial Revolution promoted better transportation, thus improving not only intercity trade but global trade as well. However, this also gave rise to the problem of pollution with high rates of combustion, especially in populated areas.

The proliferation of factories came with no environmental regulations at first, resulting in horrendously smoky atmospheres.

II There was a mass movement of East Germans to the West, who tricked authorities that they were traveling merely for short visits.

This prompted the East German government to impose a complete travel ban between the regions; a ruling that came directly from USSR.

III On November 9th, , it was erroneously announced to the public by Gnter Schabowski, a Politburo member, that effective immediately, the travel ban would be canceled.

Not only was this announcement made a day ahead of schedule, but travelers were still required to follow a rigorous visa process.

IV Harald Jger was head of security at the Passport Control Unit at the Bornholmer border, and the poor man got so confused with the influx of people who wanted to leave East Germany.

While it made sense in light of Schabowski's announcement, it conflicted with the orders of his immediate superior. Realizing the trouble he might be about to find himself in, Jger decided to open the border.

V By , a total of 20 percent of East Germany's population had moved to the West. The massive emigration of professionals, from engineers to doctors and lawyers, caused a substantial negative impact on the East's political and economic credibility.

VI The Berlin Wall was, in fact, a two-sided fortification. It stretched 27 miles from East to West, effectively dividing Berlin. To further reinforce the wall against trespassers, the middle section was installed with traps, watchtowers, and entrenched machine guns so it could also repel vehicles.

This death strip also had guard dog runs. I Stock prices took a major plunge on September 4, , signaling the start of the Great Depression in the United States.

More than a month after, the stock market crashed, triggering a widespread economic depression that would affect countries worldwide.

Financial woes arising from this monetary monstrosity lasted until the late thirties. Displaced families would live in shacks in poor neighborhoods known as Hoovervilles.

The hungry were given free food items like Hoover Stew and Hoover Hogs. Things were so bad that many were given newspapers to keep warm.

Continuing with the trend, these were called Hoover blankets. The crime boss, however, attempted to clean up his name and started up a soup kitchen, or meal center, during the Great Depression, that dished out free food for the hungry.

V Then-President Hoover announced in March of that the worst phase of the Great Depression was over, but in reality, it was only the beginning.

Things got so bad that many people committed suicide in the financial district of New York. A hotel in the area reportedly offered rooms specifically for that purpose.

VI Renowned economist Milton Friedman believed that the market crash could not have singularly caused the Great Depression.

Instead, it was the panic that ensued which was to blame. This panic saw people withdrawing their cash deposits in droves, heralding in the breakdown of the banking industry.

I On November 22, , John F. Kennedy traveled in a motorcade with his wife, Jacqueline Kennedy, and passed through Dealey Plaza.

This innocent ride led him into the sights of Lee Harvey Oswald. Jacqueline rarely went with JFK on his political outings but had decided to be by his side on this fatal trip.

At pm on November 22, a boy reportedly saw JFK's face go blank, followed by the former first lady's shouting, "God, oh God, no!

This became the fourth US presidential assassination. III Lyndon B. Johnson, who was JFK's vice president at the time, had joined the presidential motorcade two automobiles behind him.

Johnson assumed the highest post of the land 99 minutes after the assassination, onboard Air Force One, with the first lady and JFK's remains.

He refused to leave for Washington without both. Johnson as he took the oath of office. It was administered by judge Sarah T.

Hughes, who wept in the process. Jacqueline would not take off her bloodied Chanel suit, telling the would-be new president, "I want them to see what they have done to John.

He reportedly attempted to defect to Russia back in and was a Marxist. He nestled himself into a strategic position in a nearby building, on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository, armed with a 6.

VI The presidential motorcade was planned to go for 45 minutes but had added an extra 10minutes to the schedule due to the large, enthusiastic crowd who showed up and necessitated two unplanned stops.

The motorcade shooting was captured by businessman Abraham Zapruder, using his 8mm movie camera. I A series of trials against prominent members of Nazi Germany, leaders of its political, judicial, and military arm, who planned out and orchestrated the mass killings of WWII, were held in Nuremberg, Germany.

Allied forces set these tribunals in accordance with the laws of war and international regulations. But its Palace of Justice remained operational and held over a thousand detainees.

Being the birthplace of the Third Reich, it was a symbolic place to hold the military tribunals, ending the injustice the site had spawned.

III There was a panel of four judges installed to preside over the Nuremberg Trials, handling the cases of top Nazi leaders.

The event was the first ever set of international trials to deal with war criminals. IV Being the first international hearings of their kind, the Nuremberg Trials served as a model when it came to prosecuting war crimes committed in Japan.

The historic event was also the first to handle crimes against humanity. The other category it dealt with was "crimes against the peace.

To resolve the issue, IBM came up with a translation system. Simultaneous translations were fed through headsets to avoid confusion, and the proceedings flowed with remarkably few interruptions, given the newness of the technology.

VI The word genocide comes from the word 'genos', a Greek word for race or tribe, plus the suffix 'cide', which means killings in Latin.

Genocide was coined by Raphael Lemkin, who worked alongside the chief American prosecutor, Robert Jackson, at the international tribunal.

Austria-Hungary responded by declaring war on Serbia. Soon after, other countries around the globe got involved, and the war dragged on for a full four years, ending on November 11, II The first country to use gas against their enemies was France, not Germany.

They fired the first series of tear gas grenades xylyl bromide against the Germans in August Germany then first used tear gas in January of the following year, against the Russian armies.

However, it was not as successful as France's first try because the cold air turned the gas liquid. Germans then started using poisonous chlorine gas in April of Schools banned the teaching of German, and some German-derived words that had been in common use were modified as well.

For instance, the hamburger named after Hamburg, a German city was called Salisbury steak instead. Frankfurter, a product of Frankfurt, Germany, was renamed to liberty sausage.

Dachshunds were called liberty dogs. To avoid planes stalling when they would turn quickly in the air, pilots had to turn the engines on and off every so often.

The vibration of an engine being restarted midair by a pilot sounded a lot like dogs barking, hence the term. His primary responsibility was to provide food and sustenance to the US Army and their allies.

He convinced US citizens to plant gardens in their backyards, dubbing them "victory gardens. Hoover went on to be president of the country in VI An estimated 30 different poisonous gases were used throughout the war.

Soldiers were ordered to put rags soaked in urine over their faces to protect them from the fatal effects of these gases.

In , gas masks with built-in filter respirators were handed out for better protection. Realizing the gravity of the detrimental effects, numerous countries abolished the use of chemical weapons after the war ended.

I The 2nd World War was the deadliest conflict in history, with a total of 50 to 80 million casualties. The United States and the United Kingdom had relatively low death tolls, both having lost roughly , soldiers.

Perhaps most surprising was the death toll in China, with a sum of 20 million due to their war against Japan. In the Soviet Union, the total was an astonishing 27 million, many of whom survived the war but were killed on their return home as suspected spies.

However, in , a select group from the Allied forces saved the Mona Lisa along with other European treasures from a German commander who had been instructed to blow up the collection if the enemies discovered it.

However, for the eight months following the declaration, nothing significant happened. There were no military movements and no remarkable battles.

As such, the bizarre eight-month-period had been dubbed the Phoney War. The period ended when Germany invaded France in May , and in just six weeks, the country fell.

IV The attack on Pearl Harbor was carried out on a Sunday because the Japanese knew that the Americans would not anticipate an attack on what is traditionally known as a rest day.

This call was intended to inform the Japanese navy that the plan had been a success, and the Americans were indeed caught unaware. The attack significantly damaged all eight US battleships, but by the end of the war, six of them were still functional.

V Emmy Goring was a Nazi who greatly profited from the war but managed to escape justice. She was the wife of Hermann Goring, a Nazi air force commander.

Emmy was a famous actress who usually hosted critical state functions for Hitler and was dubbed the First Lady of the Third Reich. She led a luxurious lifestyle and truly enjoyed the stolen Jewish wealth.

After the war, she only received one year of prison time and was able to retain 70 percent of her ill-gotten riches. VI It was Heinrich Himmler, a senior Nazi official, who was responsible for forming the task force that built the Polish death camps.

He was also in charge of monitoring the camps, making him the person primarily responsible for the six million deaths of the Holocaust.

In , Himmler was arrested by the British army after secretly discussing peace talks with the Allies behind Hitlers back. He killed himself before he could stand trial.

I The concrete barrier known as "the Berlin Wall" was built by the East German government to allegedly protect its people from the fascist elements of West Germany.

They called the construction "Antifaschistischer Schutzwall," meaning "anti-fascist protection rampart. II From to , when the wall was a threat but had not been constructed yet, over two million East Germans fled to the West.

East Germany asked the Soviet Union for help in building the wall in , but the request was declined. However, by , migration to the West had increased to 1, people a day, so Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev finally gave the go ahead.

On August 13, , citizens of Berlin were surprised to find a fence of barbed wire dividing the city in two. East Germany then started fortifying the wall with concrete a few days later.

Ida Sikman who died on August 22, , was the wall's first victim. She tried to jump across a West Berlin street through her fourth-floor apartment window in East Berlin.

IV In March , an East German used a hot air balloon to try to fly over the wall but instead crashed into power lines.

He was the wall's last victim. The first person to escape the wall, on the other hand, was year-old Conrad Schumann, an East German border guard corporal.

Only three days after the East Germans sealed the border, he jumped over the three-foot-high roll of barbed wire and survived.

V Gunter Schabowski, an East German politburo member, announced on November 9, , that the restrictions on travel visas would be lifted immediately, without delay.

In reality, the policy was supposed to be announced the next day, after an intricate visa application process conducted by the East Germans.

Due to the premature announcement, thousands of East Berliners headed to the Berlin Wall, overwhelming Harald Jager, the chief officer on duty at the Bornholmer Street checkpoint.

Out of panic and fear of the growing mob, he opened the crossing, causing other officers to follow suit.

VI In the summer of , the demolition of the Berlin Wall had begun. Most of the sections were recycled for other construction projects, but a few were auctioned off.

I The Holocaust started in January of and lasted for 12 years, ending on May 8, Over 11 million people were slaughtered during this period, six million of whom were Jews, and 1.

Nazis believed that children posed a significant threat because if they survived, they would eventually parent a new generation of Jews.

II Most of the Holocaust victims were transported to labor and death camps in cattle cars. These wagons were very cramped and had no ventilation, food, water, nor a toilet.

Since there was a shortage of these transport wagons, victims had to wait at a standing-room-only switching yard for days.

Once, it took 18 days to transport victims, and by the time the doors were open, everybody had already died.

In two days, over 33, Jews were murdered. They were forced to undress and walk toward the edge of the ravine.

They were shot by the German troops, who then pushed the ravines wall over. Everybody, dead or alive, was buried.

Children were thrown into the abyss as well. IV A select group of Jewish prisoners, called Sonderkommandos, were required to either bury the corpses or burn the bodies in ovens.

Sadly, they had to rely on the deaths of others to survive. Eventually, Sonderkommandos were usually gassed as well, to avoid eyewitnesses.

Out of the thousands of prisoners, less than 20 lived. Rising to the rank of Chief Petty Officer in the Naval Aviation Photographic Unit , he served as a military photographer , shooting film in combat zones, and as an instructor.

Erickson's first films were two band films with Betty Grable before starting a string of Buster Crabbe Western films based on Zane Grey novels.

One of his more notable roles was as Deborah Kerr 's macho husband in the stage and film versions of Tea and Sympathy.

He appeared with Greta Garbo , as her brother in Conquest He played the role of Pete, the vindictive boat engineer, in the remake of the famed musical Show Boat.

His final appearance in a feature film was in Twilight's Last Gleaming Erickson appeared frequently on television; he was cast as Dr.

He portrayed a rancher, Big John Cannon, determined to establish a cattle empire in the Arizona Territory while keeping peace with the Apache.

Erickson guest-starred in several television series, including Rawhide , Bonanza two episodes, , Gunsmoke , Marcus Welby, M.

His final role was in an episode of Fantasy Island in Erickson was married to actress Frances Farmer from until The same day that his divorce from Farmer was finalized, June 12, , he married actress Margaret Hayes.

They divorced a month later. He married Ann Diamond in They had two children, William Leif Erickson born - died in a car accident and Susan Irene Erickson born Erickson died of cancer in Pensacola, Florida , on January 29, , aged From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

American stage, film, and television actor This article is about the 20th-century American actor. For the 11th-century Viking explorer, see Leif Erikson.

For the politician, see Leif Erickson politician. Alameda, California , U. Pensacola, Florida , U.

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